Chemical peeling means literally "peeling the skin surface by the action of a chemical substance applied".
In our clinic we use glycolic acid, which causes flaking and mild peeling, and serves as an agent for superficial peels. The deeper a chemical peel, the more dramatic the obtained effect may be, but at the same time it is true that such complications as skin discoloration and scar formation are far more frequent after deeper peels. In our clinic we maximize the effect and minimize the danger by combining whole-face glycolic acid peels with partial deep peeling by means of the laser with precise depth control.
Glycolic acid is known to have a profound effect on the skin. It has a number of ways of action:
Glycolic acid thus restructures the skin, improving its overall appearance and color and rejuvenating it. It is especially effective for acne and acne scars, wrinkles and fine lines, brown spots and discolorations, sallow and flaccid skin, and oily skin with enlarged pores. It is used to treat an ever broader range of conditions, including such newer indications as facial redness and stretchmarks.
Transient adverse reactions are as follows: Redness may persist for several days. Scabs may be very noticeable, and even after sloughing, redness and dark discolorations remain for a while where the skin has been peeled too deeply. Sun exposure without protection will readily lead to a sunburn or appearance of brown spots. Rarely, a herpes simplex infection (cold sore) occurs shortly after a peel, and may spread when treatment is not started immediately.
Glycolic acid peels are safe and readily performed peels. You can even have one on your way home from work. It is important to make an individually tailored treatment program in order to get good effect with little risk. Treatment programs include the number and frequency of your visits to undergo a peeling procedure, home care with glycolic acid for external use, and, when necessary, combinations with other medications and treatment modalities. Facial treatment with gycolic acid generally begins with three peels at one- to two-week intervals, followed by home care.